Today we will learn how to make cold soap with ingredients and the right way.
Below we will learn how to make cold soaps, but, in an interesting way, step-by-step, to ensure that you can make cold soaps like a pro.
On the other hand, we want to be a reason, to inform and present everything new, read the article, but, do not rush.
Ingredients for cold soap making
And coconut oil
And castor oil
The method of work:
1- Solid oils (coconut and palm oil) are melted, and they are added to the liquid oils, but, left until they cool to a temperature of 27 ° C.
2- Next, dissolve the NaOH in water in a well-ventilated place.
However, it must be stirred well to ensure complete melting, and left until it cools to a temperature of 27 ° C.
3- When the two mediums reach the desired temperature, but then, the alkali is poured over the oils slowly while stirring.
However, we keep stirring well with either large wooden spoons or an electric mixer.
Note: To reduce the air bubbles caused by pouring the alkali over the oils, the alkali liquid can be poured onto the stalk of the electric mixer.
But, do it
As picture (4).
3- We infer the saponification of the oils when we reached the stage of leaving the trace, which is to leave a mark on the surface of the mixture after lifting the spoon or paddle (as in picture 5).
4- At this stage, we can add colors, perfumes, or essential oils and herbs, and all additives that would distinguish the soap and enrich it with therapeutic, health and cosmetic properties, as they are also added.
However, at this stage the colors, whether natural or artificial, of all kinds (as in pictures 6 and 7).
5- Adding essential oils extracted from plant herbs requires knowledge and awareness of the benefits and properties of oils and their importance, but some of them may be misused and lead to damage to the skin (Picture 8).
6- However, we can add synthetic essential oils from specialized companies that bear the alkalinity of the soap and the high temperature of saponification (picture 9).
7- Good stirring must be ensured to ensure the highest degree of blending (Picture 10).
8- We start by pouring the soap into special molds or cardboard boxes.
However, after lining it with plastic film, or freezer paper (Photo 11 and 12).
But, you can also use freeze-lined wooden pans (Photo 13).
Or pour it into molds.
But silicon is specific to the industry (photo 14).
9- Finally, we can beautify the surface of the soap bar with dried herbs, or by implementing aesthetic shapes that please the eye because of its vision.
But, you can do this with mica colors dissolved in almond oil (photo 15).
10- The mold is covered with a piece of cardboard, wood and finally with a thick cover to ensure the mold is warmed (Picture 18).
11- After 24 hours, we can remove the soap from the mold.
However, it is then cut to the desired shape using either a ruler, knife, or specially designed soap cutters (Picture 19).
12- Finally; The soap must be dried.
However, this is by spreading it on well-ventilated shelves for 4-6 weeks.
This is in order for it to be ready for use, provided that the place is away from the sun’s rays, and the soap bars must be stirred frequently to ensure that they are completely exposed to the air in a homogeneous manner (Picture 20).
The final properties of the soap are shown by the previous ingredients. And I’ll translate the last table below, which shows these properties:
Ability to clean
Creamy effect on the skin
The table also shows the percentage of oils, water and alkali in this mixture and its final weight:
رقم التصبن: يعتمد هذا الرقم على إمكانية
The saponification of fatty substances is quantitatively, however, it is known as the number of milliliters of potash KOH required to saponify one gram of the fatty substance.
The saponification number gives an idea of the mean partial weight of the fatty substance, because it indicates the length of the carbon chain of the fatty acid fractions.
However, the saponification of a fatty substance increases due to the increase in the percentage of glycerides with short chains and lower molecular weights that they contain:
And cotton oil
The potassium saponification number is mg / g
The sodium saponification number, g / kg
—————— 135-139 ——————
Precautions for making soap at home:
Qatrona is considered a burning substance and as a result:
Gloves and glasses are essential.
However, it should be kept out of the reach of children.
Also, the availability of water and some of the diluent vinegar acid must be taken into account for rinsing while dissolving in case of any emergency.
By doing this, we have finished providing the correct steps and method for how to make soap in the cold. We hope that you will implement it, but, with taking safe precautions, to ensure the preservation of you and those around you.
Chemistry is a life full of adventures, and because of scientific passion, chemists were able to reach everything that is useful and try to simplify it for the public.
But you should be careful and follow the instructions carefully.
Because of the risks that you may be exposed to as a result of using certain items, we recommend that you exercise caution.
But I don’t mind watching some videos to ensure your safety.